A herbal medicine which assists in promoting the function of the heart.
Benefits and features
- Promote the function of the heart
- Natural, organic remedy
About Crataegus Oxy
Hawthorn berry helps improve the flow of blood to the heart and helps the heart push blood more effectively out of the heart and into the arteries.
It is used as a heart care tonic. Crataegus (hawthorn) berries are edible and during World War I, hawthorn seeds were ground and used instead of coffee. In addition, Hawthorn leaves were used instead of tea and tobacco.
More crucially Hawthorn berries have been used in healthcare as far back as the 15th century and known as a tonic. In North America, the role of treatment for heart problems dates back to 1800. Today crataegus is garnering attention for its potential cardiovascular enhancing and protective properties.
Alfred Vogel relished eating Crataegus berries as a child and only later as an adult did he learn of their true health benefits as a tincture made from the pulp of the berries.
Adults: Take 30 drops in a little water, 3 times daily, half an hour before eating.
Crataegus oxycantha (HAB).
Alcohol content: 47% v/v.
Each 30 drop dose contains:
Medicinal ingredient: Fresh Hawthorn berry (Crataegus monogyna) tincture (ratio 1:3.2) 0.7 mL equivalent to 233 mg of fresh berry.
Non-medicinal ingredient: 1 mL of tincture contains 0.49 mL alcohol (ethanol).
1 mL = 33 drops.
Actions and Pharmacology
Hawthorn’s active components are mostly flavonoids (luteolin, apigenin, vitexin, rutin, and quercetin as glycosides) and procyanidins.
Hawthorn is also a source of tannins or polyphenols (oligomeric cathechins and epicathechins), carboxylic acids (caffeic acid), triterpenes and simple amines (choline, acetylcholine and tyramine).
Researchers were unable to find one major active ingredient. It would seem that the therapeutic effect of Hawthorn, like that of many other herbs, rests on the synergy of all of its components.(1)
The various in vivo and in vitro studies have identified many of Hawthorns therapeutic effects:
- Increase of cardiac contractility (positive inotropic effect). As a result, heart efficiency and ejection fraction are increased.(2)
- Peripheral resistance reduction (post-charge reduction). The lesser the resistance, the lesser the effort needed by the heart. The final effect is a reduction in oxygen consumption.(2)
- Coronary vasodilator (improves heart irrigation and oxygen supply). A well irrigated heart is better fit for exercise and stresses.(3)
- Increase of cardiac contraction efficiency. The contraction is quicker and more efficient, which allows for a longer rest period (refractory period). The heart has therefore a better endurance.(4)
- Slight reduction in hypertension. Incidentally, Hawthorn can also improve hypotension. Its final effect is a normalizing one on mild cases of either low or high blood pressure.(6)
- Cholesterol reduction.(7)
The German Commission E acknowledges its benefits in cases of: Decreasing cardiac output as described in functional Stage I and II (NYHA).
- Upton R editor. Hawthorn Berry. American Herbal Pharmacopoeia June 1999. Santa Cruz CA USA.
- Blesken R. Crataegus in der Kardiologie. Forstchr Med 1992; 110(15):290-2.
- Roddweig C, Hensel H. Reaction of local myocardial blood flow in non-anesthetized dogs and anesthetized cats to oral and parentheral administration of a Crataegus fraction (oligomere procyanindines). Arznermittelforschung 1977;27:1407-10.
- Schussler M, Hilzl J, Fricke U. Myocardial effects of flavonoids from Crataegus species. Arznermittelforschung 1995;45:842-5.
- Abdul-Ghani AS. Hypotensive effect of Crataegus oxyacantha. Int J Crude Drug Res 1987;25:216-20.
- Weiss RF. Lehrbuch der Phytotherapie 1990, p221-5.
- Raqjerdan S, Deepalakshmi PD, Parasakthy K et al. Effect of tincture of Crataegus on the LDL receptors activity of plasma membranes of rats fed an atherogenic diet. Atherosclerosis 1996;123:235-41.
Precautions, contraindications and interactions
Consult a healthcare practitioner prior to use if you are taking cardiovascular medications.
For prolonged use, consult a healthcare practitioner.
Not recommended during pregnancy or nursing.
Avoid taking in case of known allergy to any of the ingredients in the product.